Reflection and Assessment
Reflection is about deriving meaning and knowledge from the experience and is central to service-learning. Reflection is the link that connects service with the learning and learning with the service.
Use reflection to question students' assumptions about the cause and the solutions of social problems and, if relevant, their responsibilities as citizens of a democratic society. Reflection can also be used to check perspectives, biases, concerns, and lessons learned.
Why Reflect and Assess?
You want your students to:
•Connect experience with course content
•Integrate their experience with their goals
•Develop a sense of community
•Clarify perceptions or biases
•Improve observation, communication, analysis skills
•Develop an appreciation of community assets
•Deepen knowledge of social issues/policy, or community
•Develop a ability and interest in taking action
•Articulate their personal values and the consequences
•Develop a habit of reasoned inquiry
Reflection should be:
- Continuous: throughout the course
- Connected: to specific learning objectives
- Challenging: demand high quality student effort; linked to other course assignments
- Contextualized: appropriate to the course; commensurate with the level and type of other course assignments and level of students
(Holland, Barbara. National Service-Learning Clearinghouse. Building High Quality Service-Learning Program)